Increasing the share of public transportation and non-motorized transportation in the overall urban mobility of the population.
In recent decades, the transportation policies adopted by a significant number of cities have relinquished public transport and concentrated on developing the means for people to get around in private vehicles. The results of this practice, which benefits only a portion of society, are old acquaintances: low-quality and inadequate public transportation, misappropriation of public spaces, social exclusion, degradation of air quality, emissions of greenhouse gases and noise pollution, just to name a few.
To face this situation, the IEMA believes it is necessary to overcome the fragmented analysis of the problems of transportation, traffic and circulation, adopting the approach of urban mobility. The concept of mobility should be understood as a combination of policies on transportation, circulation and planning aimed at promoting full and democratic access to urban spaces. This process, however, is only possible with the prioritization of collective modes and non-motorized modes of transportation, which are socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable.
In order to overcome this fragmentation of the mindset about mobility in the nation, the IEMA supports measures aimed at reversing the current model; accordingly, it has participated in the development and evaluation of projects, supporting measures to improve the movement of people in cities, indicating the need for investment in infrastructure for public transportation and non-motorized transportation, and the use of renewable and cleaner sources of energy, as well as discouraging the use of automobiles.
The IEMA has identified several challenges in urban mobility to be faced by the three levels of government:
- Recognize urban mobility as public policy required to promote accessibility, as well as the importance of integrating measures of mobility, urban planning, air quality management and reduction of emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases.
- Associate the mobility policy with the goals of reducing energy consumption and emissions of local pollutants and greenhouse gases, in order to promote the improvement of air quality and the reduction of traffic accidents and victims.
- Invest in instruments to measure emissions of pollutants in mobility systems, and establish the methodology for quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the mobility policy developed at all three levels of government (local, state, and federal).
- Regulate and enforce the Law of Directives for the National Urban Mobility Policy (Law 12.587/2012).
- Implement the National Policy in such a way as to be aligned with targets regarding the increased share of public transportation and non-motorized means of transportation in the overall movement of the population, with permanent sources of funding.
- Disseminate regulatory, economic and technological instruments of mobility management, which can be used by local authorities.
- Structure metropolitan management and promote effective integration of existing public transportation/mass transit networks, both from the physical viewpoint and with regard to fares.
- Improve regulatory and economic instruments applied to public transportation services, stimulating the reduction of its operating costs and lower fares for users.
Such obstacles justify our actions with the aim of inducing the integrated treatment of the problems of commuting, air quality, intense energy consumption, and mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.