Energy and Climate Change

An environmentally sustainable and socially just power sector

The growing importance of the electricity and transportation sectors as sources of greenhouse gases (GHG) as well as also other environmental problems such as air pollution and conflicts in water use, motivated the IEMA to use them as the focus of its strategies for action.

One of the first strategies is to maintain a systematic process for monitoring emissions from the energy sector as a whole, working in partnership with the Climate Observatory for expansion and strengthening of information on GHG emissions. This study includes not only the two subsectors that are the focus of the IEMA – transportation and electricity – but also other emissions associated with the Energy Sector and all emissions from sector of Industrial Processes and Product Use. This is the first step to better understand the main vectors of emissions, and to identify priority actions for mitigation.

Regarding the transportation sector, we believe it is crucial to seek more environmentally appropriate travel patterns, systems, vehicle technologies and energy sources, particularly in mass transit, as a contribution not only to mitigate greenhouse gases, but also to reduce the impacts on air quality and the population’s well-being.

Regarding the electricity sector, our organization works with the scenario of the expanding trend of fossil fuel thermoelectric energy with low environmental control, reason whereby it undertook the strategy of acting in two main lines of action:

  • The first part of the premise is that – due to operational security of the Brazilian electricity system – some thermoelectric generation will still be necessary.  As thermoelectric plants are generally installed close to the high electric load centers, in areas with high population density, there may be a worsening of environmental problems such as air pollution and high consumption of water by these power plants. Thus, the IEMA also works with the expectation that the control mechanisms and use of water resources will take place in a manner that is appropriate and consistent with environmental protection.  
  • The second one is aligned to the position that renewable sources – particularly wind and solar energy – can have a greater role in electricity generation in the nation, minimizing the tendency of expansion of thermoelectric power and thus avoiding greenhouse gas emissions and other associated problems. To this end, it is necessary to turn our eyes toward the energy policy and to act in such a way that – from formulation to implementation – this policy will be more transparent and objective regarding the future of these sources.

IEMA’s team will soon provide its technical production, keep it on track